Section Tool House 122 is a standard
C & O tool house built to C & O Standard S-5 & S-5A except for the
doors which were an oblivious later addition. Razed 1985. .
The Linemen's Tool House is apparently a
standard C & O tool house built to C & O standard S-5 & S-5A and
modified for use by the linemen by adding two windows (one at the side and one
at the rear) and a coal stove. This was
at least a standard on the C & O New River and Alleghany Subdivisions, as
the author has observed identical structures at Thurmond, West Virginia, and
Alleghany, Virginia. Razed 1985.
The Propane Gas Storage House (108) is the second
built at Hinton. The first was located
between the old wood yard office and the Mallet Engine House. It was removed (relocated R.R. east) when
the present brick Yard Office was built in the location shown.
This structure was incorrectly identified as “Rabbit’s
Shanty” in the Model Railroader article of September 1991. Razed 1985. The
author recently observed (4/22/04) a photograph taken at Clifton Forge
showing an almost identical structure used there.
The sand bunker is a standard Fairbanks Morse & Co.
design. The same design was also used at Fulton Yard, Richmond, Virginia,
Clifton Forge, Virginia, and
Stevens, Kentucky. In 1946, the sand
bunker was modified by moving the sand conveyor from the inside of the
structure to the enclosed structure on its R.R. north face, demolishing the
original pit underneath the concrete shelter attached to the sand bunker, and
building a new sand pit on a separate spur track elevated above and to the rear
of the sand bunker. In addition to
increasing the capacity of the sand bunker, the change would have alleviated
the problems sure to have been encountered with the coal pit and sand pit on
the same spur so close together. The structure to the rear of the concrete sand
bunker was constructed of ¼” steel which was salvaged from old or scrapped rail
cars, as peeling paint revealed the old white lettering on my last visit to
Hinton. In addition to providing
shelter to the chute from the elevated sand pit, the structure also contained
an additional sand drying stove. At
some date, the C & O began delivering dry sand in covered hoppers to
Hinton, and the sand was piped directly from the bottom of the pit underneath
the covered hopper cars to the coal dock sand bunkers. All operations ceased circa 1986.
||Drawings of the Depot prepared by the Historical American
Engineering Record (HAER) may be found at the following website.
Photo of Jim EuDaly's Model of the Mallet House (Early color was probably
black with red lead replacing the black sometime after 1946.)
The drawings of the Mallet Engine House are based upon C & O
Drawing Nos. 3000, 3000A, 15223, and 14549-8. Although the original
drawings circa 1911 are complete (Nos. 3000 & 3000A) they do require
significant study to understand as they are half-framing drawings typical of
the era. Drawing No. 15223 provided information on the expansion of
the Mallet Engine House required by the arrival of the C & O H-8 2-6-6-6
locomotives in 1942, but I have nothing on the removal of the monitor and the
installation of the asbestos smoke jacks except drawings of those installed
in the roundhouse in 1942, and a letter in one of the Chief Engineer's files
which approved the purchase of six smoke jacks of which four were
used on the roundhouse. The board and batten were rough sawn as a note
on the original drawings specifies undressed 1" x 12" boards and 1" x 3"
batten. Dressed (run through a planer to smooth the exposed surface)
would have reduced the boards to 7/8ths inch thickness. A note on Dwg. No.
15223 indicates that doors from the roundhouse were installed on the
extension to the Mallet Engine House erected in 1942 - that would have been
from stalls 14, 15, 16 or 17. Whether roundhouse doors were also
installed at the east end of the Mallet Engine House is unknown. Based
upon photographs of the interior of the Roundhouse, the interior would have
been white washed and the white washing would have included the trusses and
The Wash Rack drawings are essentially complete except
for the D & M Washing Machines which occupied
the 4' x 4' pads on each side of the wash rack. Connections were
placed along the sides and center of the wash rack. A tank for D & M oil was located a
short distance from the wash rack. The machines used hot water and
added a mixture of D & M oil. The oil was atomized, and
mixed with hot water and used as a
surfactant (as de-greasing agent)(as a detergent pre-detergent era) with the patina of oil remaining to
protect the parts. The recent Archives work session at Clifton
Forge turned up a complete set of plans for the "Arrangement" for D&M wash
machines with all connections. The only thing missing is the machine
itself - a cylinder about 36" high by 22" in diameter. I will post a
complete set of drawings derived from those in the future. In
addition, a wood frame board & batten ancillary structure for the Wash Rack
(the "D&M Cleaning House) was erected on the railroad north side of the wash
rack in 1945. The size, appearance and use of this structure is not
now known, but was probably used to store extra hoses and may - may have
been used as a shelter for the wash rack workers. The author also
observed an identical wash rack at Clifton Forge, Virginia.
For modelers of the C & O, please note that
Diamond Scale Products
http://www.diamond-scale.com/ makes O and HO scale Bethlehem Twin Span
turntables with the correct center arch (available as an option). The
HO 120' turntable is a very good match for the 115' turntables the C & O used
as the extra 5' virtually disappears when a H-7 or H-8 with the extra length
typical of a model articulated is on the turntable.
COAL DOCK NOTES:
Typical Ladder Stock
Rungs are 5/8" rod on 14" centers.
Risers are 2" x 1/4".
Width (Total) = 14".
Hanger Brackets are L-shaped of 4" x 1/4" stock and project 6" from
the coal dock.
Ladder Between Coal Dock Legs
Rungs are 5/8" rod on 14" centers.
Risers are 2" x 2" Angle.
Width (Total) = 18".
The cross piece at the top appears to be 4" x 4" Angle and appears
to be a later addition (not original).
Cage between Coal Dock Legs.
All Elements are 2" x 1/4".
Bolted together (Bolt Heads are 13/16" Square).
Cage is 56" high and 45" above the foundation (concrete).
Cross pieces are 16" apart.
Steps on Railroad West Elevation.
Risers are 2" x 6" Steel Channel 3/16" thick.
Width (Total) = 24".
Steps are Wood 7-1/2" x 1-3/4" with a 10" Rise.
Cross Braces (5 total on first ) are 2" x 1/4" on 60" Centers.
Railing is 1-1/2" O.D. Pipe bolted to 2" x 2" Angle with 1/4"
Posts are 30" long.
Walkways & Platforms.
The original walkways were constructed of 2" x 6" channel with a 2"
x 4" nailing pads bolted to the inside ] [ of the steel
channel. The typical platform appears to be 38" wide with the steel
channel on 28" centers (Total Width = 30"). The 8" overhang is to the inside
and the posts appear also to be 2" x 2" Angle with 1-1/2" Railings.
The triangular supports appear to be constructed of 4" x 4" Angle bolted to
1/4" triangular gussets with each leg of the triangle being equal.
The platform between the Coal Dock Sand Bunkers on the Railroad East
Elevation was added in the 1930's based upon photographic evidence.
Unlike the original walkways they are constructed of straight 4" x 4" Angle
and the railing posts appear to be 2-1/2" to 3" Angle.
The Walkway on the slope of the Coal Dock above the Coal Dock
Sand Bunkers was added in 1946 when the steel addition to increase the
capacity of the Coal Dock Sand Bunkers was added and the modifications made
to the Fairbanks Morse & Co. Sand Bunker.
Windows (Hoist House)
Opening is 38-1/2" x 56".
Window Lights are 10" x 12".
Mullions are 1/8" (Total 5/8" with Putty).
Side and Top (Combination Blind Stop) 2-1/2".
Bottom Frame 2".
Door Framing is 1-3/4".
Small Pipes on the Railroad East elevation running from the bottom
of the Sand Bunker support are 3" O.D. with 7" between the pipe and the leg
of the Coal Dock and is attached with a "Z" bracket at the bottom only with
a 1/4" U-Bolt.
Large Pipes running down the side of the Coal Dock from the top of
the Sand Bunkers are 5-1/2" O.D. with a 2-1/2" space between the Coal Dock
leg and the pipe. The brackets attaching the pipes to the Coal Dock
are 2-1/2" wide with the leg attachment pad being 2-1/2" x 4-1/2".
Hoist Shaft Opening (at Base).
The two (2) openings at the base of the hoist shaft were covered
(1970's) by two (2) panels of 7/8" T & G beaded siding (4" boards beaded in
a 2" pattern. The bottom panels were 72" wide and 48" high. The
top panels were 72" wide and 62" high and overlapped the bottom panels 5".
The HAER map of the West Yard at Hinton appears
to be a composite of the West Yard from the Passenger Depot to the Coal Dock
from the 1960's or 1970's and a map of the West Yard from just railroad west
of the Coal Dock from 1929 -30 before the improvements which built the Coal
Dock and the Engine Supply and Ice House. Many of the structures shown
on the HAER map railroad west of the Coal Dock were removed as part of the
yard improvement projects of 1929 - 1930, and the Engine Supply House is
not shown at all.
The HAER drawing of the Hinton Depot circa 1975
notes that the Passenger Depot illustrated in the HAER drawings was a
replacement of the 1892 Passenger Depot which was destroyed by fire in 1913.
That is incorrect. The upper floors of the Passenger Station was
heavily damaged by fire, but was rebuilt using the original brick walls and
the additions thereto which expanded both the eastern and western wings of
the station and added second floors. The roof was completely rebuilt
and modified. Compare the "As Built" station of 1892 drawn by the
author from original C & O drawings to the HAER drawings and one can see the
original 1892 structure. The author observed photographs of the
passenger station after the fire showing the damage in the collection of
The Russ Hass drawings
contain some errors based upon the my review of some
photographs of the Clifton Forge M1 Coaldock. Using
his indispensable drawings I have attempted to
draw all four elevations. Much thanks to Russ Hass and the others who
did much of the heavy lifting -- particularly the field measurements.
3D Fairbanks Morse & Co. 800 Ton Coal Dock is correct as I can get it
based upon my onsite measurements and the few Fairbanks Morse & Co drawing
which have been found in the COHS files recovered from the C & O and CSX. The interior of the
top of the monitor is incomplete, there is an apparent "interference" between
the hoist shaft and the cone, some supports for machinery on the crusher
floor are missing, and the inside of the cone and cylinder and
slope sheets are incomplete as the few drawings I have of the interior are incomplete and
will need to be “re-engineered”. I will post more complete drawings as I
figure out the few that I have. This
is the CONCRETE of the coal dock in one piece. Now if I had a high quality/large
format 3D printer I could “print” the coal dock.